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2021年,中国农业现代化的十大改进方向,种子国产化位列其中!

2021-01-08  来自: 成都鑫芯电子科技有限公司 浏览次数:79

改进一:重视农业,培养农业内生性发展。


RENLEIWENMINGYOUSANDAJIBENZAITI,NONGYEWENMING、GONGYEWENMINGHECHENGSHIWENMING,DAIBIAOLERENLEISHEHUIFAZHANDAOJIAOGAOJIEDUANSHEHUIFENGONGZHUANYEHUADESHENGHUOHESIWEIFANGSHI。ZUOWEIZAOFAYUQILAIDENONGYEWENMING,SHIRENLEIWENMINGDEMUTIWENMING,TASHIYUGONGYEWENMING、CHENGSHIWENMINGBINGXINGBUBEI、GONGSHENGGONGRONGDEYIZHONGWENMINGXINGTAI。NONGYEWENMINGTIGONGLERENLEISHEHUIJIBENDESHENGCUNZILIAOHESHENGCUNFANGSHI,SHIRENLEILAIYISHENGCUNDEJIBENWENMING,SHIQITAWENMINGDEJICHU。YINCI,MEIYOUNONGYEWENMINGDEWENMINGSHICANQUEDEWENMING,MEIYOUNONGYEWENMINGDEJINGJISHIDUANLIEDEJINGJI,MEIYOUNONGYEWENMINGDESHEHUISHIWEIXIANDESHEHUI,MEIYOUNONGYEWENMINGDEFAZHANSHIBUKECHIXUDEFAZHAN。NONGYEWENMINGBUSHILUOHOU、FUXIU、GAIPAOQIDEWENMING,TAYUGONGYEWENMING、CHENGSHIWENMINGBINGFEINISIWOHUO、FEICIJIBIDEGUANXI。


人类文明的发展具有继起性。后一层次的文明是在前一层次文明的基础上建立和发展起来的。农业文明为工业文明、城市文明的发展提供了基础。美国就是以农业现代化为基础,然后实现工业现代化、城市现代化。我们今天走的是刘易斯外延式扩张,把工业、把城市做起来,然后反哺农业的路子。其弊端已很明显,仅靠输血解决三农问题是不可能的,农业必须同时走舒尔茨内涵改造的路子,像工业文明、城市文明一样,把诸多现代元素注入农业,培育农村内生性的物质基础,增强造血功能,让农业农村农民同时现代化起来,农业这条短腿才能加长,农业文明才能与工业文明、城市文明同时发展、同步发展、同样发展。


改进二:不盲目学习美国大规模种植,走适合国内行情的规模化道路。


TUDIGUIMOHUAJINGYINGCHAOGUOCHENGDU,XIAOYIJIUHUIXIAJIANG。DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,RIBEN2GONGQINGYISHANGDENONGHUYEJINZHAN15%ZUOYOU。MEIGUOLAOJUNSHENGCHANLIANGSHISHIRIBENDE10BEI,ERDANWEITUDICHANLIANGJINWEIRIBENDE1/10。


美国拼的是土地优势,中国和日本一样,没有土地优势,只有劳动力优势。中国农业必须考虑到现实国情。一是适应现代农业的规模要求,在产业布局、产业链条、组织、服务和适合工厂化生产的种养业五个方面着力推进规模化。土地规模化必须严把适度关,农业部专家钱克明估算适度规模南方以30亩-60亩为宜,北方以60亩-120亩为宜。二是建立农地经营的准入和退出制度。农业是专业性很强的行业,不熟悉情况,不掌握技术,很容易失败。很多企业到农村圈地因不具备经营能力和条件,不仅导致损失惨重,也浪费了珍贵的土地资源。因此,我国农业土地规模经营必须建立准入和退出制度。三是把经营方式选择权还给农民。中国所有改革都是农民的创造,革命年代,中国革命是农民的革命,农业的经营方式只能靠农民自己选择,是出租,是入股,是合作还是转包,由农民自己决定。政府要做的只可以按照经济规律,加以引导,同时做好各种服务。


土地需要流转,中国农村的土地流转应分三个层面:需要靠行政力量推动的,我们称之为“行政流”。即把一户不足十亩的七八块承包地合成一块。必须依靠集体组织统一行动,当年靠行政力量细分,今天还应靠行政力量整合,在此基础上完成确权登记颁证。二需要市场推动的,我们称之为“市场流”。在完成“一块田”行政整合、做好确权登记颁证的背景下,是合作、是入股、还是出租,由农民按市场规律自由选择。政府只应做好服务,不可强行干预。三需要法律推动的,我们称之为“法律流”。如抵押、担保、买卖是现行法律不允许的,必须在国家修改宪法、土地管理法、物权法、担保法等相关法律的前提下,才能依法流转。


GAIJINSAN:NONGYEZHONGZHIXINGYEBENSHENDETESHUXINGJUEDINGLE,ZHONGZHIZHUTIZHINENGSHIYIJIATINGJINGYINGDANWEIWEIJICHU。


WOGUONONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIZHUYAOYOULIUGELEIXING:ZHUANYEDAHU、JIATINGNONGCHANG、NONGMINHEZUOSHE、SHEHUIHUAFUWUZUZHI、LONGTOUQIYE、XIAONONGHU。BULUNNAZHONGLEIXING,DOULIBUKAIJIATINGJINGYINGZHEIGEHEXINYAOSU。JIATINGJISHIJIBENJINGYINGDANYUAN,YESHIZHUTI、ZHULI、ZHUDAO。DANBUSHAODIFANG,YIWEIZHENGFUHEQIYECAISHINONGYEJINGYINGDEWEILAIZHUTI,ZHEISHISHIFENHUANGMIUDE。


NONGCHANPINSHENGCHANXIANGDUIYUGONGYECHANPINSHENGCHANYOULIUDATEDIAN:BUKEJIANDUAN、BUKEDAOXU、BUKEBANYI、SHIHUODESHENGMINGTI、ZUNXUNZIRANZAISHENGCHANYUJINGJIZAISHENGCHANLIANGGEGUILV、JIEGUOZHINENGYICIXINGXIANXIAN。


ZHEIXIETEDIANJUEDINGLENONGYEBIXUYIJIATINGJINGYINGWEIDANWEI,TONGYIDIKUAIDENONGCHANPINSHENGZHANGYOUCHABIE,YAOQIUTUANDUILAODONGZHEZHIJIANNENGJINXINGYOUXIAODEXINXIGOUTONG。ZHEIXIEDOUYAOQIUZHENGGELAODONGTUANDUIDEMEIGELAODONGZHEDOUYAOJINXINJINLI,JINXINJINZE,ZHEIYANGDELAODONGTUANDUIZHIYOUYIJIATINGWEIDANWEICAINENGZUODAO。TONGSHI,NONGCHANPINSHENGCHANHENSHAOYOUZHONGJIANCHANPIN,DUIJUTILAODONGZHEZAIMOUYIDANDUSHIQI、MOUYIPICICHANPINDELAODONGZHILIANG、XIAOLVHEZHONGYAOXING,HENNANJUTIHENGLIANG,HENGLIANGBUZHUNJIUBUNENGZUODAOZHUNQUEJILI。


JIATINGSHINONGYECANYUZHELILIYIGONGTONGTI,ZAIFADAGUOJIA,MEIGUOJIATINGNONGCHANGZHAN86%,FAGUOZHAN88%,OUMENG15GUOPINGJUNZHAN88%。ZAIZHONGGUO,2YIDUONONGHUJINXINGJIATINGJINGYING,YONGZHANSHIJIE1/10DEGENGDISHENGCHANCHUZHANSHIJIE1/5DELIANGSHIZONGCHANLIANG,YANGHUOLEZHANSHIJIE1/5DERENKOU。


LISHIDEJIAOXUNYIJINGGAOSUWOMEN:NONGYEJINGYINGDEZHUTIBUSHIZHENGFU,BUSHIQIYE,ERSHIJIATING。DANGNIAN“GONGSHE+SHEYUAN”,SHIZHENGFUZAIZHONGDI,ZHONGDAOESIREN。“GONGSI+NONGHU”,SHIQIYEZAIZHONGDI,BIDUANZHENGZAIXIANXIAN。ZHONGGUONONGYEBIXUZOU“NONGHU+NONGHU”DELUZI,CAISHIZHENGTU。MUQIAN,QUANGUOZAIGONGSHANGBUMENDENGJIZHUCEDEQIYEDAYUE1500WANJIA,ZHEI1500WANJIAQIYEPINGJUNSHOUMING5NIANZUOYOU,NONGYEQIYEDEFENGXIANGENGDA,DAGONGSIJINGYINGNONGYESUISHIDOUYOUPOCHANDEWEIXIAN,ZHEIGEFENGXIANLIMAJIUHUICONGSHEHUIZHUANJIADAOZHENGFUTOUSHANG。


GAIJINSI:XIANDAINONGYEBUTONGYUNONGYEXIANDAIHUA,NONGYEXIANDAIHUASHIBAOHANJINGJI、SHEHUI、ZHENGZHI、WENHUA、SHENGTAIWUWEIYITIDEGAIGE。


BUNONGYEXIANDAIHUABUSHIZHIYAOTUDISHIXIANGUIMOHUA,ZAIJIASHANGXIANDAISHESHI、XIANDAIJISHU,JIUSHINONGYEXIANDAIHUALE。ZHEIZHONGPIANMIANDELIJIE,HENRONGYIBANONGYEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDAORUQITU。XIANDAINONGYEYUNONGYEXIANDAIHUABUSHITONGYIGEGAINIAN,GENBENDEQUBIESHIZHUIQIUMUBIAOBUTONG,XIANDAINONGYEZHUIQIUDEMUBIAOJIUSHIJINGJI;NONGYEXIANDAIHUAZHUIQIUDEMUBIAOSHIYIGEFUZADEXITONGGONGCHENG,TIXIANWEIJINGJI、SHEHUI、ZHENGZHI、WENHUA、SHENGTAIWUWEIYITI。


NONGYEXIANDAIHUADEZHUYAOTEZHENG,SHILAZHANGLECHANYELIANTIAO,JIANLILENONGYE、NONGCHANPINJIAGONGYE、NONGYEFUWUYEZHEIYANGYIGEYI、ER、SANCHANLIANTONGSHANGZHONGXIAYOUYITI、CHANGONGXIAOJIAHUCUDECHANYETIXI。ZHEIGECHANYETIXIJIUSHIWOGUOXIANJIEDUANNONGYEXIANDAIHUAXUYAOJIANSHEDECHANYETIXI。


NONGYEXIANDAIHUASHIYIGEFUZADEXITONGGONGCHENG。JINHOUYIGEXIANGDANGZHANGDELISHISHIQI,JIUSHIYAOTONGGUOKEXUEJISHUDESHENTOU、GONGSHANGBUMENDEJIERU、XIANDAIYAOSUDETOURU、SHICHANGJIZHIDEYINRUHEFUWUTIXIDEJIANLI,YONGXIANDAIKEJIGAIZAONONGYE、YONGXIANDAIGONGYEZHUANGBEINONGYE、YONGXIANDAIGUANLIFANGFAGUANLINONGYE、JIANQUANSHEHUIHUAFUWUTIXIFUWUNONGYE,TIGAONONGYEZONGHESHENGCHANNENGLI,ZENGJIANONGMINSHOURU,YINGZAOLIANGHAODESHENGTAIHUANJING,SHIXIANKECHIXUFAZHAN。


NONGYEXIANDAIHUA,NONGYESHIBENTI,NONGMINSHIZHUTI,NONGCUNSHIZAITI。NONGYEXIANDAIHUAYICHENG,ZUODAO“SANTIGONGHUA、SHINONGBINGJIN”。“SANTIGONGHUA”,JIZUOWEIBENTIDENONGYE,ZUOWEIZHUTIDENONGMINHEZUOWEIZAITIDENONGCUNYAOGONGTONGSHIXIANXIANDAIHUA。“SHINONGBINGJIN”,JIUSHIYAOZAINONGCUNRENCAI、NONGMINZUZHI、NONGMINGONG、NONGCUNDAOLU、NONGTIANSHUILI、NONGCUNTUDI、NONGCHANPINYUNONGZIJIAGE、NONGCUNJINRONG、JIATINGNONGCHANG、NONGCUNHUANJINGDENGFANGMIANGONGTONGJIANSHE,TONGSHITUIJIN。


中国特色的农业现代化建设应着力于“五个创新”:一是内涵创新,构建一、二、三产融合,上中下游一体,产供销加互促的产业体系;二是外延创新,实现“三体共化、十农并进”;三是目标创新;综合目标追求是“五位一体”,不同于现代农业的单一目标;四是路径创新,外延扩张带动与内涵改造提升并重,让刘易斯模式与舒尔茨模式并重;五是结构创新,重构农业生态系统,从广义的生态学视角出发,使农业现代化追求的经济、政治、社会、文化和自然五大目标领域按照生态学原理在重构自身的同时,建造五位一体的整体构架。


GAIJINWU:TUIGENGHAICAO、NANLIANGZIJI、JIEGANSICHU


ZHONGGUONONGYEZHENGTIBUJUDEZOUPIAN,DAILAIZHUDUOJIEGOUXINGWENTI,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAISANGECUOWEI:XITONGCUOWEI、GEJUCUOWEI、LIYONGCUOWEI。


YISHIXITONGCUOWEI。RENLEINONGYEYOULIANGDAXITONG:CAODINONGYEXITONGHEGENGDINONGYEXITONG。WOGUOXIANZAISHICAODINONGYEXITONGYUELAIYUEWEISUO,“YILIANGWEIGANG”DE“LIANGSHIQINGJIE”SHIGENGDIDAJUQINZHANCAODI,GENGDINONGYEYUELAIYUEFADA,CAODINONGYEZAIZHUBUTUIHUA,ERRENLEIDUIROUSHIDEXUQIUYOUZAIYURIJUZENG,RENMENDESHIWUXIAOFEIJIEGOUYOU8:1∶1BIANCHENG4∶3∶3(JIGUOQUCHI8JINLIANG1JINROU1JINCAI,JINTIANCHI4JINLIANG3JINROU3JINCAI)。CAODICHAOZAIGUOMUDADAO36%,CHAOZAIGUOMUYOUSHICAOCHANGBUDUANTUIHUA。NEIMENGGUCHAOZAI1000DUOWANTOU。JIANGUOYILAI,GUOJIAJINEIMENGGUCAODIDEBUTIEMEINIANMEIMUJIN0.16YUAN,JINJINIANSUIDAFUTIGAO,MEIMUYEJIN3YUAN。CAODINONGYEYUGENGDINONGYELIANGDAXITONGDECUOWEIFAZHAN,DAILAIZHUDUOYINHUAN,YIXIETUDIJIDAITUIGENGHAICAO,HUIFUZIRANSHENGTAI。


ERSHIGEJUCUOWEI。WOGUONANFANGYUSHUICHONGZU,ZIGUYILAIJIUSHIYUMIZHIXIANG,ZHONGGUOLISHISHANGJIUXINGCHENGLE“NANLIANGBEIYUN”DEGEJU。JINTIANNANFANGYIXIEDIFANGBUZAIZHONGLIANG。GUANGDONGLIANGSHIZIJILVBUZU30%,FUJIAN、ZHEJIANGBUDAO40%。ZHONGGUOLIANGSHI“SHIYILIANZENG”,ZHUYAOKAODESHISHUITUGUANGRETIAOJIANCHADEBEIFANGSHENGCHAN,QUESHUIJIUCHOUDIXIASHUI,GUODUCHAOCAIYISHIHUABEIPINGYUAN20DUOWANPINGFANGGONGLIFANWEINEICHENGWEIDIQIUSHANGDELOUDOU。WEIJIEJUEBEIFANGQUESHUI,GUOJIATOUJUZIGAOSANTIAONANSHUIBEIDIAOGONGCHENG,SONGDAOBEIJINGDESHUI,JINCHENGBENJIAMEIDUNJIUYAO30YUAN,RUGUOYONGZHEIGESHUIQUZHONGXIAOMAI,MEIJINXIAOMAIJINSHUIDECHENGBENJIUGAODA15YUAN。YONG“NANSHUIBEIDIAO”DESHUIZHONGCHULIANGSHI,ZAIBALIANGSHIYUNDAONANFANGGONGYINGSHICHANG,DAOLEGAIYANLINGNANFANGCHANLIANGDIQUSHIXIANLIANGSHIZIJIDESHIHOULE。


三是利用错位。2013年,全国养牛1.5亿头,羊5.6亿只,加上其他畜类和家禽消耗,饲料粮高达3.8亿吨,动物吃掉6亿吨粮食总产量的大半,且每年都以10%左右的幅度在增长。按照传统养殖模式,一只羊日食3斤草、7个月出栏;一头牛日食15斤草、一年出栏。全国每年仅6亿吨农作物秸秆就可以饲养出数亿头(只)的牛羊。因此,应大力发展草食性畜牧业,才能实现生态有机、可持续的发展。为农作物秸秆找个合理出口,一面采用新科技综合开发利用,一面恢复大自然安排的食物链规律才是万全之策。


改进六:种子国产化


MEIGUOZAIZHONGZIWENTISHANGYOUZHEJIQIANGDEKONGZHILI。2013NIAN,SHIJIEXIAOSHOUPAIZAIQIANSHIWEIDEZHONGZIGONGSIZHONG,MEIGUOZHAN4XI,ZHONGGUO7000DUOJIAZHONGZIGONGSIBUJIMEIGUOYIJIA,MEIGUODUBANGXIANFENGDEYUMIZHONGZIZHANSHIJIE80%XIAOLIANG。WOGUOSHIDADOUDEGUXIANG、DADOUDEYUANCHANDI,DANSHIWOGUODADOUYIBEIMEIGUOZHUANJIYINDADOUJIKUA,JIBENSHANGQUANJUNFUMEI。MUQIAN,JINRUWOGUOZHONGYEDEWAIZIQIYEYIYOU25JIA,TAMENJUNYIQIANGJINGDESHITOUJIZHANWOGUOZHONGYESHICHANG,JIDUIWOGUOZHONGYEFAZHAN。ZHONGYEZHUQUANYIJINGYINQIGEGUOGAODUGUANZHU。MEIGUOCHUTAISHENGWUGUOFANGFA,RIBEN、YINDUDENGGUOJIJICAIQUCUOSHI,YINGDUIZHONGZIDIGUOKONGZHI,ZHENGQUZHONGZIMINZHU。OUMENGZHUGUOYEFENFENCHUTAIFAAN,FANGZHIZHONGZIBEIZHIMINHUA。


MEIGUOCONG1962NIANJIUKAISHIYANJIUZHUANJIYIN,DAOXIANZAIYIYOU50DUONIANLISHI。JIYINBIANJIQIJUYOUSHANCHU、TIANJIA、YIZHIDENGDUOZHONGGONGNENG。MEIGUOMUQIANDEJISHUKEYISHIJIHUSUOYOUDENONGCHANPINDOUNENGSHIXIANZHUANJIYINHUA。ZHUANJIYINSHIJISHU,JISHUJIUDAIYOUZHUGUANXING,KEXUECAIJUYOUKEGUANXING。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIZHEIGEWENTISHANGTEBIEQIANGDIAO,“ZHONGGUORENDEFANWANLIZHUYAOZHUANGZIJIDELIANGSHI”,DUIYUZHUANJIYINWENTIBIXUJIANCHI“YANFAYAOSHENRU,TUIGUANGYAOSHENZHONG”。


ZHONGYESHINONGYEDEJICHUCHANYE,NONGYEXIANDAIHUADEQIANTISHIZHONGYEXIANDAIHUA。YAOQUEBAOZHONGGUORENDEFANWANLAOLAODUANZAIZIJISHOULI,JIUBIXUBAZHONGYEJINJINWOZAIZIJISHOUZHONG。ZHONGYEBIXUSHANGSHENGDAOGUOJIALINIAN、GUOJIAYIZHI、GUOJIAZHANLVEDEGAODUYUYIMOUHUA。


GAIJINQI:GUANZHUNONGCUNLIUSHOUERTONG


QUANGUOLIUQIANDUOWANLIUSHOUERTONG,JIASHANGLIANGQIANDUOWANSUIFUMUDAOCHENGLIPIAOLIUDUSHUDEHAIZI,QINGSHAONIANANJIANZHONG87.5%DOUSHILAIZIYULIUSHOUERTONG。LIUSHOUERTONGYICHENGCHASHENGHAIZIHEWENTIHAIZIDEDAIMINGCI。


1992NIAN,SHIRENZONGLIDELIPENGZAILIANHEGUOCHENGNUO,JIAOYUTOURUDAO2000NIANZHANGDPDE4%,ZHEIYIMUBIAODAO2013NIANCAIDEYISHIXIAN。JIAOYUTOURUBUZU,QUANGUOTUIXINGCHEDIANBINGXIAO,YOUYUANLAIDE50DUOWANSUOCHEBINGDAO20DUOWANSUO,CHELEYIBAN。NONGCUNXIAOHAIMIANLINZHEXINDESHANGXUENAN,YOUGUANDIAOCHAXIANSHI,NONGCUNXIAOXUESHENGJIALIXUEXIAODEPINGJUNJULIWEI10.8LI,CHUZHONGSHENGWEI35LI。NONGCUNJIAOYULUOHOUDAOZHIYANZHONGHOUGUO,5YILAODONGLIPINGJUNSHOUJIAOYUSHIJIANWEI7.8NIAN,1YIDUOCHUZHONGSHENGBUNENGSHANGGAOZHONG,ZHIJIEZOUSHANGSHEHUIDAGONG。


1993NIAN,RIBENZHIDING《NONGYEJINGYINGJICHUQIANGHUAFA》ZHIHOU,NONGDILIUDONGDEFANGXIANGZHUYAOSHIXIANG“RENDINGNONGYEZHE”JIZHONG。“RENDINGNONGYEZHE”ZHINEIXIEZAIGAISHANNONGYEJINGYINGXIAOLVHEKUODAGUIMOSHANGYOUJIJIXINGDENONGYEJINGYINGZHE,ZHENGFUCONGDAXUEBIYESHENGZHONGZHAOMUYOUZHIYUCIZHERANHOUPEIYANG,YOUSHIDINGCUNJINXINGXUANZEHERENDING,BEIRENDINGZHEJIKEHUODEZHUDUONONGDIJINGYINGFANGMIANDEYOUHUIZHENGCEZHICHI。ZHEIZHONGZUOFAZHIDEWOGUOJIEJIAN。


WOGUOJIJIANGYOU600DUOSUOBENKEYUANXIAOGAICHENGZHIYEJISHUXUEYUAN,NONGCUNJIAOYU,YOUQIPINKUNDIQU、NONGYEDAQUDEJIAOYU,GAIBIANQIANJUNWANMAJIYITIAODUMUQIAODEXIANZHUANG,YOUJINGYINGJIAOYUMOSHIGAIWEISHENGCUNJIAOYUMOSHI,RANGDADUOSHUHAIZICONGXIAOJIUXUEXIZHANGWOYIMENSHENGCUNFAZHANDEJINENG,YICIPEIYANGDALIANGDE“LIUDEZHU、YONGDESHANG”DEXIANGTURENCAI。


GAIJINBA:GUANZHUNONGMINGONGDEANZHI


“HOUDAGONGZU”SHIZHIYOUYUNIANLING、SHENTI、JINENGDENGFANGMIANDEYUANYIN,BUDEBUFANHUIJIAXIANGZHONGXINWUNONGDENONGMINGONG。


ZHISUOYIDADAOHUIFU,YAOMESHINIANLINGDALE,GANBUDONGLE;YAOMESHIZISHENDEJISHUBUNENGYUSHISHENGJI,GANBULELE;YAOMESHISHANGBINGCHANSHEN,BUNENGGANLE。


CONGBIAOMIANSHANGKAN,“HOUDAGONGSHIDAI”BIAOXIANWEIYONGRENQIYEYUNONGMINGONGZHIJIANDEMAODUN,BEIHOUYINZANGDEQUESHIXIANXINGDENONGMINGONGTIZHI,WUFABAOZHENGTAMENZAINIANQINGSHIWANCHENGCONGNONGMINDAOSHIMINDEZHUANXING。YOUYUGEFANGMIANDOUBUYUANYIZHIFUNONGMINGONGXIANGCHANYEGONGRENZHUANHUASUOXUDECHENGBEN,DADUOSHUNONGMINGONGLAIDAOCHENGSHIZHIHOU,WUFASHIXIAN“NENGLIZAIZAO”,WUFAXIANGSHOUYUCHENGSHIJUMINXIANGTONGDEJIUYE、ZHUFANG、SHEHUIBAOZHANG、WEISHENGFUWU、JIAOYUDENGFANGMIANQUANYI。ZHINENGRIFUYIRI、NIANFUYINIANCONGSHIJIANDANDE、JIXIEDE、DISHUIPINGDELAOZUO,TONGGUOCHUMAITILIHEQINGCHUNHUANQUZAICHENGSHISHAOZUOTINGLIUDEJIHUI。YIDANMEIYOUTILIKECHU、QINGCHUNKEHUAN,NEIME“HUIJIA”YEJIUCHENGLENONGMINGONGWUNAIDEXUANZE。


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